织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

中国在职研究生教育门户

广告位API接口通信错误,查看德得广告获取帮助
中国传媒大学媒体经营管理在职研究生课程班

2014年考研英语一真题完整版答案解析(九)

2014-02-25 13:04作者:天正教育来源:天正教育 浏览:
摘要

to take good ca You should writ 第二段: 写作内 but the courage 【句型分析】本 【句型分析】本 【句型分析】本 【句型分析】本 [G] Ground surv ul information.

one of its type. As a News Feature article in Nature discusses, a string of lucrative awards for researchers have joined the Nobel Prizes in recent years. Many, like the Fundamental Physics Prize, are funded from the telephone-number-sized bank accounts of Internet entrepreneurs. These benefactors have succeeded in their chosen fields, they say, and they want to use their wealth to draw attention to those who have succeeded in science.
 
  What’s not to like? Quite a lot, according to a handful of scientists quoted in the News Feature. You cannot buy class, as the old saying goes, and these upstart entrepreneurs cannot buy their prizes the prestige of the Nobels, The new awards are an exercise in self-promotion for those behind them, say scientists. They could distort the achievement-based system of peer-review-led research. They could cement the status quo of peer-reviewed research. They do not fund peer-reviewed research. They perpetuate the myth of the lone genius.
 
  The goals of the prize-givers seem as scattered as the criticism. Some want to shock, others to draw people into science, or to better reward those who have made their careers in research.
 
  As Nature has pointed out before, there are some legitimate concerns about how science prizes—both new and old—are distributed. The Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences, launched this year, takes an unrepresentative view of what the life sciences include. But the Nobel Foundation’s limit of three recipients per prize, each of whom must still be living, has long been outgrown by the collaborative nature of modern research—as will be demonstrated by the inevitable row over who is ignored when it comes to acknowledging the discovery of the Higgs boson. The Nobels were, of course, themselves set up by a very rich individual who had decided what he wanted to do with his own money. Time, rather than intention, has given them legitimacy.
 
  As much as some scientists may complain about the new awards, two things seem clear. First, most researchers would accept such a prize if they were offered one. Second, it is surely a good thing that the money and attention come to science rather than go elsewhere, It is fair to criticize and question the mechanism—that is the culture of research, after all—but it is the prize-givers’ money to do with as they please. It is wise to take such gifts with gratitude and grace.
 
  31. The Fundamental Physics Prize is seen as
 
  [A]a symbol of the entrepreneurs’ wealth.
 
  [B]a possible replacement of the Nobel Prizes.
 
  [C]an example of bankers’ investments.
 
  [D]a handsome reward for researchers.

推荐院校:中国科学院管理学院 北京大学MBA

[责任编辑:天正教育]
上一篇:人力资源管理
下一篇:同等学力申硕
首都经济贸易大学在职研究生班招生清华大学工业工程硕士在职研究生
更多 报考指南 文章推荐:
热门简章推荐:
中国传媒大学在职研究生课程班
四川大学项目管理软件工程硕士
无法在这个位置找到: foot.htm